Change is Coming to NASA Space Launch

by Space Frontier Foundation on March 19, 2010

Change is coming to the US space program. At last! Real, dramatic and tangible change in both its effect and the course it will create in this nation’s future in space.

It is long past time for us to try something different, as what we have been doing in our human space program since Apollo has been a failure of epic proportions. And yet, some defend the status quo and are actually angry about the coming changes proposed by the Obama Administration. I find this amazing given the space agency’s track record over the last few decades. But then, if nothing else, our past experience with the government building and operating space launches has shown that to many, simply flying some stuff around in circles and creating jobs that do nothing to advance us in any direction is more important than succeeding in getting anywhere – so long as everyone agrees in the myth that they are going somewhere.

It is heretical to say it in many quarters, but unlike its astronomy and robotic exploration programs, the current NASA operated human spaceflight program has failed by any rational measure in almost every respect to achieve Any of the milestones put forth by those who sold them to the American people so long ago. The most glaring example of this failure to deliver in the area of transportation is totally unknown to the taxpaying public and often overlooked by the defenders of the old ways: The space shuttle system, glorious and impressive symbol of the space agency for so long is a complete failure when measured against its promised performance. Sold in the 1970s as being able to fly once a week and bring costs down to tens of dollars a pound, they have averaged around 5 flights a year…on good years. In the meantime NASA has tried and failed time after time to develop new space transportation systems, including the much heralded and disastrous X-33, which after a billion dollars of taxpayer funding was canceled, never to have even rolled out of the hangar.

The background of repeated failures by the government to build and operate its own Earth to LEO launch systems is what we must keep in mind when we judge the new commercial Earth to LEO space transportation plans being put forth by the White House and NASA. Frankly, as a long time skeptic regarding anything the NASA press office puts out when it comes to human spaceflight, I am not only impressed by the plan to hand over this role to commercial space firms, but am willing to allow myself just a hint of hope that if it can be successfully implemented (freeing the agency to pursue real space exploration) We may at last break out of the circular self gratification of our current space program and go somewhere – and more importantly be able to go there again and again and even stay if we want to (the key word being “we” as in not just NASA employees, but eventually the rest of us too!).

And yes, to do this NASA will have to make changes. Rather than seeing itself as the emperor of all things space, it will have to change how it views the zone from the Earth’s surface to LEO. The agency simply cannot get it right when it comes to trying to build its own launch systems in any economic sense, and it is time it stopped trying. The agency will have to step aside in this area that it long ago pioneered. It will no longer be its own trucking service for small package delivery to space. It will have to relinquish its role as its own taxi service to LEO and leave the driving to someone else. Instead this job will be given to privately funded New Space firms across the nation that are working on a variety of rocketships that could catapult us into the space frontier and global space leadership at a fraction of the cost of any new NASA system.

For example, California’s SPACEX from its creation through its first successful orbital flights and all the industrial tooling and facilities to support them spent far less than the $445 million NASA did on its recent smoke and mirrors alleged test flight of an Ares 1-X mock up to only 50k feet higher altitude than that achieved by parachutist Joe Kittinger in 1960. To get all the way to being able to carry humans in its Dragon capsule on its Falcon 9 will cost only a fraction of the projected cost of the Ares and Orion system – and almost more importantly, when not in use by NASA it will be used by commercial companies to carry their own payloads and customers into space. Orbital Sciences using its Taurus vehicle is in a similar position and projects similar cost savings over the as yet paper lion of Ares Orion.

Even if one isn’t willing to bet on NewSpace firms some of our largest traditional firms are moving ahead with plans to adapt their tried and true systems to carry payloads and people into orbit to serve commercial customers and even the ISS. For example, the Atlas V has flown some 20 times and Delta IV more than 10 which is about 20 times and 10 times more than Ares and the Boeing/Bigelow Crew Capsule now in development will cost a fraction of that needed for Orion and be usable by both the government and commercial customers. From now on, in a very real sense, NASA’s exploration job will no longer start at the launch pad, but begin in space itself.

But none of this will happen if NASA tries to manage these new players in its old way. NASA must change not just what it does and where it does it, but how it does what it does, and how it works with others that are doing the jobs it needs done. Agency managers will have to learn new ways of contracting that are based not on how much work is done on a project, but how much that work produces. Like the rest of us, as a customer it can no longer rationalize spending huge amounts of money paying for a failed effort to deliver a package to a destination, but only for success. Yes, the agency will need to set standards for the transportation of its employees to and from space, but these should not and cannot be any more stringent than those they set for let’s say their astronauts who fly in F-16s. And it will have to actually relinquish control over some other areas of space operations that have become somewhat mundane in return for being able to focus on what many used to see as its main mission – exploration, science and technology development.

Unfortunately, no matter how good (normal) all of this sounds to normal people who live in a free enterprise society, in the visionless and ironic land of old school government aerospace the pork must keep flowing and tradition will  fight innovation. The forces of darkness are already moving to crush the revolution right now, as those who do not understand the enormity of the promise in this change in Congress ally with those who do and want it stopped regardless, all well armed by those who have fed off the system for so long they forgot NASA’s job is exploring space and not the national wallet for their own ends.

And so the battle is joined. And in yet another dose of irony, many of us who for so long have been seen as the foes of the agency as we have fought for common sense will now be standing shoulder to shoulder with its new leaders. About time I say, as I have never enjoyed having to take on my childhood icon time after time as it has meandered far from the dream of exploring and opening space. And although I know this may be a brief moment in time, I take my hat (space helmet?) off to those who are working on the inside to make this happen, and pledge my keyboard to their defence in the coming months. I only hope they are willing to stand their ground as well, as the stakes are greater than simply who gets what contract for how much. What is at stake is the future of this nation in space and just how soon and how well that future is realized.

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Space Frontier Foundation Endorses “High Frontier” Video Game Kickstarter 

All Supporters of Space Settlement are Encouraged to Show Support

High Frontier Kickstarter

Greetings, I would like to introduce and ask for your support for an aspiring Kickstarter project depicting a game of human space settlement, inspired by and named after “The High Frontier” by Gerard O’Neill.  The project is very close to being funded and we need more of these sort of positive space games to increase public visibility to space colonies not unlike scenes of “Interstellar” (not to include any major movie spoilers).

“High Frontier,” a new space settlement simulation game currently in development, allows players to design, build, and manage orbital colonies.  The simulation includes realistic effects such as dynamic stability, radiation, and thermodynamics. 

Project leader (and SFF member) Joe Strout explains, “We’ve gone to great pains to make the simulation as accurate as possible.  In fact work on it has already led to some interesting new insights, such as the advantage of concave endcaps for improved stability.”

However, the real benefit of the game may be in educating and inspiring the next generation of space advocates.  Surveys show that 81% of Americans under 30 years old play video games, including 97% of teenagers.  High Frontier offers them a game they will love to play, while learning a great deal about space settlements at the same time.

The current version of the game goes as far as building the colony and watching it from the outside; the team is currently working on the next major phase, which will allow users to go inside their settlement to manage buildings and transportation.  A KickStarter project is underway to raise funds for all the artwork that internal view will require (

The goals of the High Frontier project are such a perfect fit with Space Frontier Foundation’s objectives, that SFF is offering a free membership to everyone who pledges $25 or more to the project.  Existing members are also strongly encouraged to help, as the success of High Frontier will directly support SFF’s mission of opening the space frontier for all.



James Pura

President & Director

Space Frontier Foundation
Click Here to Support this Kickstarter Campaign 
Donations $25 and over will receive a free 1-year membership to the Space Frontier Foundation

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NewSpace News #113 – October 2014

November 12, 2014

Dear Loyal NSN Readers, The past week has been one difficult to swallow. Our hearts especially go out to the families and friends of the Scaled Composites test pilots. As fans and participants of the NewSpace and commercial spacemovement who really want to see this happen, it has been heart wrenching, and we can only imagine how trying […]

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Space Frontier Foundation Mourns This Week’s Events Involving SpaceShipTwo and Orb-3

October 31, 2014

Space Frontier Foundation Mourns This Week’s Events Involving SpaceShipTwo and Orb-3 The NewSpace Community Urges the Country to Continue to Push Forward   (Silicon Valley, CA) The Space Frontier Foundation’s thoughts and prayers go out to our brothers and sisters on the SpaceShipTwo and Orb-3 teams, following the recent events. The NewSpace Industry is a tight-knit […]

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NASA’s ‘Emerging Space Report’ is a Victory for NewSpace!

October 26, 2014

NASA’s ‘Emerging Space Report’ is a Victory for NewSpace! Space Frontier Foundation Applauds NASA for Pro-Commercial & Pro-Settlement Language Washington, DC – NASA’s Emerging Space Office (ESO) recently released a report titled “The Evolving Landscape of 21st Century American Spaceflight” which demonstrates that NASA’s goals and ambitions are aligning themselves with the ideals of the […]

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Space Frontier Foundation Launches Teachers in Space, Inc.

October 23, 2014

Space Frontier Foundation Launches Teachers in Space, Inc. A New Generation of STEM Students Will Be Inspired By Space-Enthused Teaching Community New York, NY- Space Frontier Foundation (SFF) announced today the completed spin-off its successful Teachers in Space (TIS) project, launching a new nonprofit educational organization incorporated in the State of New York. Due to […]

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NewSpace News #112, October 2014

October 19, 2014

  Boeing And SpaceX Survive To Last Round The highly anticipated winners for NASA’s Commercial Crew Transportation Capability (CCtCap) contracts have been announced. SFF congratulates the Boeing Company and SpaceX for winning their fixed-priced contracts with maximum potential values of $4.2 billion and $2.6 billion, respectively. This contract includes a crewed test flight to the […]

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Leadership Training for Commercial Space Executives

October 9, 2014

Leadership Training for Commercial Space Executives A Unique Opportunity to Support the Space Frontier Foundation While Furthering Your Career and Education Silicon Valley, CA - The Space Frontier Foundation (SFF) is pleased to announce its partnership with the upcoming Commercial Space Executive Leadership Training Course, scheduled to begin on October 20th 2014. This innovate online course will […]

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Capitol Hill Policy Update for September 15th through September 28th, 2014

October 8, 2014

NASA Awards $6.8 Billion to Boeing and SpaceX As part of their Commercial Crew Transportation Capability (CCtCap) program, NASA has awarded Boeing and SpaceX $4.2 billion and $2.6 billion, respectively, to finish developing vehicles to taxi astronauts to and from the International SpaceStation. Boeing plans on using the funds to complete development of the CST-100 while SpaceX will […]

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Space Frontier Foundation Endorses Next Giant Leap Conference

October 7, 2014

Space Frontier Foundation Endorses Next Giant Leap Conference South Kohala, HI  - The Space Frontier Foundation encourages its members and constituents to attend the multinational “Next Giant Leap” Conference in South Kohala Hawaii, November 9 -13th.  Sponsored by the state of Hawaii, this conference is designed to explore options for developing sustainable pathways to space, with an […]

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Capitol Hill Policy Update for September 1st through September 14th, 2014

September 18, 2014

House Hearing Discusses ASTEROIDS Act     The House subcommittee on space held a hearing to discuss issues with the ASTEROIDS ACT. Joanne Gabrynowicz, the former Editor-in-chief for the Journal of Space Law, warned the subcommittee that the bill needs to clarify some terms, and suggested that an interagency mechanism should be set up to handle policy development. SpacePolicyOnline Vote […]

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