Change is Coming to NASA Space Launch

Change is Coming to NASA Space Launch

March 19, 2010 Opinion, Our Policy Voice

Change is coming to the US space program. At last! Real, dramatic and tangible change in both its effect and the course it will create in this nation’s future in space.

It is long past time for us to try something different, as what we have been doing in our human space program since Apollo has been a failure of epic proportions. And yet, some defend the status quo and are actually angry about the coming changes proposed by the Obama Administration. I find this amazing given the space agency’s track record over the last few decades. But then, if nothing else, our past experience with the government building and operating space launches has shown that to many, simply flying some stuff around in circles and creating jobs that do nothing to advance us in any direction is more important than succeeding in getting anywhere – so long as everyone agrees in the myth that they are going somewhere.

It is heretical to say it in many quarters, but unlike its astronomy and robotic exploration programs, the current NASA operated human spaceflight program has failed by any rational measure in almost every respect to achieve Any of the milestones put forth by those who sold them to the American people so long ago. The most glaring example of this failure to deliver in the area of transportation is totally unknown to the taxpaying public and often overlooked by the defenders of the old ways: The space shuttle system, glorious and impressive symbol of the space agency for so long is a complete failure when measured against its promised performance. Sold in the 1970s as being able to fly once a week and bring costs down to tens of dollars a pound, they have averaged around 5 flights a year…on good years. In the meantime NASA has tried and failed time after time to develop new space transportation systems, including the much heralded and disastrous X-33, which after a billion dollars of taxpayer funding was canceled, never to have even rolled out of the hangar.

The background of repeated failures by the government to build and operate its own Earth to LEO launch systems is what we must keep in mind when we judge the new commercial Earth to LEO space transportation plans being put forth by the White House and NASA. Frankly, as a long time skeptic regarding anything the NASA press office puts out when it comes to human spaceflight, I am not only impressed by the plan to hand over this role to commercial space firms, but am willing to allow myself just a hint of hope that if it can be successfully implemented (freeing the agency to pursue real space exploration) We may at last break out of the circular self gratification of our current space program and go somewhere – and more importantly be able to go there again and again and even stay if we want to (the key word being “we” as in not just NASA employees, but eventually the rest of us too!).

And yes, to do this NASA will have to make changes. Rather than seeing itself as the emperor of all things space, it will have to change how it views the zone from the Earth’s surface to LEO. The agency simply cannot get it right when it comes to trying to build its own launch systems in any economic sense, and it is time it stopped trying. The agency will have to step aside in this area that it long ago pioneered. It will no longer be its own trucking service for small package delivery to space. It will have to relinquish its role as its own taxi service to LEO and leave the driving to someone else. Instead this job will be given to privately funded New Space firms across the nation that are working on a variety of rocketships that could catapult us into the space frontier and global space leadership at a fraction of the cost of any new NASA system.

For example, California’s SPACEX from its creation through its first successful orbital flights and all the industrial tooling and facilities to support them spent far less than the $445 million NASA did on its recent smoke and mirrors alleged test flight of an Ares 1-X mock up to only 50k feet higher altitude than that achieved by parachutist Joe Kittinger in 1960. To get all the way to being able to carry humans in its Dragon capsule on its Falcon 9 will cost only a fraction of the projected cost of the Ares and Orion system – and almost more importantly, when not in use by NASA it will be used by commercial companies to carry their own payloads and customers into space. Orbital Sciences using its Taurus vehicle is in a similar position and projects similar cost savings over the as yet paper lion of Ares Orion.

Even if one isn’t willing to bet on NewSpace firms some of our largest traditional firms are moving ahead with plans to adapt their tried and true systems to carry payloads and people into orbit to serve commercial customers and even the ISS. For example, the Atlas V has flown some 20 times and Delta IV more than 10 which is about 20 times and 10 times more than Ares and the Boeing/Bigelow Crew Capsule now in development will cost a fraction of that needed for Orion and be usable by both the government and commercial customers. From now on, in a very real sense, NASA’s exploration job will no longer start at the launch pad, but begin in space itself.

But none of this will happen if NASA tries to manage these new players in its old way. NASA must change not just what it does and where it does it, but how it does what it does, and how it works with others that are doing the jobs it needs done. Agency managers will have to learn new ways of contracting that are based not on how much work is done on a project, but how much that work produces. Like the rest of us, as a customer it can no longer rationalize spending huge amounts of money paying for a failed effort to deliver a package to a destination, but only for success. Yes, the agency will need to set standards for the transportation of its employees to and from space, but these should not and cannot be any more stringent than those they set for let’s say their astronauts who fly in F-16s. And it will have to actually relinquish control over some other areas of space operations that have become somewhat mundane in return for being able to focus on what many used to see as its main mission – exploration, science and technology development.

Unfortunately, no matter how good (normal) all of this sounds to normal people who live in a free enterprise society, in the visionless and ironic land of old school government aerospace the pork must keep flowing and tradition will  fight innovation. The forces of darkness are already moving to crush the revolution right now, as those who do not understand the enormity of the promise in this change in Congress ally with those who do and want it stopped regardless, all well armed by those who have fed off the system for so long they forgot NASA’s job is exploring space and not the national wallet for their own ends.

And so the battle is joined. And in yet another dose of irony, many of us who for so long have been seen as the foes of the agency as we have fought for common sense will now be standing shoulder to shoulder with its new leaders. About time I say, as I have never enjoyed having to take on my childhood icon time after time as it has meandered far from the dream of exploring and opening space. And although I know this may be a brief moment in time, I take my hat (space helmet?) off to those who are working on the inside to make this happen, and pledge my keyboard to their defence in the coming months. I only hope they are willing to stand their ground as well, as the stakes are greater than simply who gets what contract for how much. What is at stake is the future of this nation in space and just how soon and how well that future is realized.

3 Comments

  • @kgettys says:

    Interesting article Rick. The first time that is. Then you chicken out and all we got when trying to revisit the article was "You 404’d it. Gnarly, dude." which was lame. Glad though that you got the guts to repost.

  • Jamion says:

    When talking about Obama's plan for space flight. There is a double edged sword. Yes I would like to see increased privatization of space travel, however I think at this point we have not established a good enough incentive for commercial space flight to occur. I fear that lending it as such, we give them to means and they sit on the ground with it. Secondly the cancellation of the Constellation program for the fiscal year of 2011 does not herald well for further space exploration. In fact quite the opposite (as you mentioned with x33) to be canceled before it rolls out of the hanger.

    Here is my problem. We talk about the environment, we talk about global warming. No matter what you believe about it, it is the tip of a much larger iceberg. Along with famine, new diseases (H1N1, SARS, etc). Our planet is suffering from overpopulation. Our ability to survive here, relies on our ability to go out there. And we aren't taking advantage of it. The forces need to be rallied we need to encourage NASA to work hand in hand with the private sector to begin colonization of Luna. This needs to happen sooner not later, Obama going around slashing the projects NASA is actually working on to do this is insane. We have a plan, we have a project, stick to it. No I don't want it to fall behind, that where we need help from the private sector. But the government is going to have to raise the torch on this one and lead the way. Soyuz is now working on commercial applications for low earth orbit, Virgin Galactic is ramping up to do their commercial space flights. But we need to go further, and Obama's vision as it sits does not allow us to do that.

    We need to push the private sector, but lead the way with NASA. We need to get back to the moon (and colonize) by just about any means necessary in the next 10 years. And we then need to set our sights on colonizing Ceres. Once we have operations up and running on the moon it will be a lot simpler to push to Ceres (then to Mars). Ceres has low gravity, a parallel orbit to Earth (no launch windows and less fuel). It is also in the Asteroid Belt, which will allow us to begin mining the asteroid belt for Iron and Platinum. Ceres is also 70% water, great for fuel, water, and oxygen.

    So to your push I counter push. Luna by 2020, Ceres by 2040, Mars by 2050. Colonization for each almost immediately (hopefully on the first trip). Although I would like to see this as an American run initiative we will need international help, and this needs to be started now. Start organizing the various space programs, start getting corporate support from the private sector, start building deploy-able habitats, start building a plan on how to construct them while there, start planning resupply trips for water, food, and air. Start developing expandable ways for self sufficiency (mining water, plant life, and even animal life). All of this needs to happen now.

    I know this isn't something that is easy to pull off, but it can be done. It needs to be done, and it needs to be done NOW.

    • Derek Nye says:

      Jamion,

      You said "We need to push the private sector, but lead the way with NASA."

      Why???

      Why do they have to be the leader? You and the world have never seen what a commercial sector could do. Just because NASA has been the only leader of spaceflight does not mean it should stay that way. Also, you lay out an extensive list of objectives for NASA to accomplish, which although I like your ideas ALOT, it is unrealistic for NASA to accomplish. NASA is given its power by the people, a congress, and presidents who may or may not understand the full potential value of space exploration. We cannot rely on a mission we start now to be ready by 2050, because NASA has too much trouble setting realistic goals which can be met within one presidential term.

      Commercial companies set business goals which are clear, and they are forced to innovate with sometimes a tight budget. Rick makes a brilliant point about how SpaceX spent a fraction of what NASA spent on a test flight in order to build their Falcon 9. That is extremely significant to think about. It is normal for government agencies to inflate a budget for a project, and the time needed to do it. Smart, goal driven, and passionate private space companies of the future will fix that problem.