January 24, 1992

Actual document in Adobe PDF format available for download: Global outposts mou.pdf

Transmittal Letter: Feb 19, 1993
NASA
National Aeronautics and
Space Administration
Washington, D.C.
Mr. Thomas C. Taylor
President
Global Outpost Incorporated
335 Paint Branch Drive
College Park, MD 20742-3261

Dear Mr. Taylor:

This letter follows up an your meeting with General Jeremiah Pearson, Associate Administrator for Space Flight

As previously indicated, the initial mission concept reviewed by NASA appears technically feasible, and we believe that the technical and operational issues which must be addressed have been identified, and that solutions can be found. Having satisfied the intent of the NASA/Global Outpost Enabling Agreement in addressing the technical issues associated with placing an external tank in orbit, and recognizing the concerns experssed in our September 16,1992 letter, NASA understands Global is planning to proceed with detailed engineering design as a next step towards obtaining a Launch Services Agreement and Shuttle manifesting, and has no objection.

NASA wishes Global success as it continues the pursuit of its commercial objectives. If we can be of further assistance, please let me how.

With best regards, /

Signed
Robert L. Tucker
Director
Policy and Plans
Office of Space Flight

AGREEMENT No. 1564-00I-00A
Revision 2

January 24, 1992

ENABLING AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE USE OF SHUTTLE EXTERNAL TANKS BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION AND GLOBAL OUTPOST, INCORPORATED

DESCRIPTION OF CHANGES TO ENABLING AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE USE OF SHUJJ-LE EXTERNAL TANKS BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION AND GLOBAL OUTPOST, INCORPORATED

DESCRIPTION / PAGES AFFECTED
Revise date for entering into LSA from 15 months of the placement of the GLOBAL OUTPOST deposit to 27 months of the placement of the deposit.
Extend term of agreement from “January 25, 1992 or until the date when NASA and GLOBAL OUTPOST enter into an LSA, whichever is earlier” to “January 25, 1993 or until the date when NASA and GLOBAL OUTPOST enter into an LSA, whichever is
earlier.” /  Cover / New “i”, Old 3,12, New signature page added
List the new NASA Program Coordinator. Old 12
Reformat to new word processing system All

PREAMBLE

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), under the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, as amended, conducts activities contributing to the preservation of the role of the United States as a leader in aeronautics and space science and technology.

NASA also encourages, to the maximum extent possible, United States private sector investment in space to achieve national technological preeminence, through arrangements between NASA and private U.S. concerns. NASA, based on this commitment to cooperate with the private sector, explores innovative ideas designed to stimulate private sector involvement in space-related activities. The Space Act directs NASA to seek and encourage, to the maximum extent possible, the fullest commercialization of space.

Pursuant to these purposes, NASA engages in projects with private U.S. concerns directed to the development and enhancement of commercial leadership in building space infrastructure and stimulating its commercial use of industry for the benefit of the Nation, thereby developing a U.S. competitive position in international space markets.

Commercial exploration of space infrastructure opportunities is cited by President Reagan’s National Commission on Space, which in May 1986 identified the Space Shuttle External Tanks (ETs) as a possible commercial resource. This consideration of possible commercial uses for ETs was expanded through President Reagan’s Space Policy and Commercial Space Initiative of February 11, 1988 (the “President’s Policy”), which encouraged private sector use of expended ETs by making available “the expended external tanks of the Shuttle fleet at no cost to all feasible U.S. commercial and nonprofit endeavors, for uses such as research storage, or manufacturing in space.”

On June 1, 1988, NASA issued, through the Commerce Business Daily (CBD), an announcement of opportunity for private sector expressions of interest to present commercial and academic approaches to use expended ETs. Prior to this CBD announcement, GLOBAL OUTPOST, Incorporated (“GLOBAL OUTPOST”), a development and service company, approached NASA with the intent of exploring commercial uses of the ETs. GLOBAL OUTPOST also responded formally to the CBD announcement and its proposal has been chosen for further detailed review by NASA. In order to continue this review process, the parties hereby enter into this reimbursable Enabling Agreement upon the following terms and conditions:

A. THE UNDERSTANDING

1. GLOBAL OUTPOST is exploring the feasibility of commercial uses of ETs on-orbit. GLOBAL OUTPOST may, in the future, also express an interest concerning suborbital use of ETs. The parties recognize that there are significant issues which need to be addressed before the practicality of orbital use of expended ETs can be finally determined. These issues include, but are not limited to technical, safety, liability, financial, and legal concerns (including those identified in Exhibit A – Statement of Categories of Technical and Safety Considerations Related to Placement of ETs in Low Earth Orbit).

Under this Enabling Agreement, GLOBAL OUTPOST shall have the main responsibility to address these issues; and NASA, upon the request of GLOBAL OUTPOST, shall review the results of GLOBAL OUTPOST’s efforts.

2. If GLOBAL OUTPOST so requests, NASA shall enter into a Launch and Associated Services Agreement (LSA) to support placement of expended ETs in low earth orbit for use by GLOBAL OUTPOST, once the following conditions have been met:

a. GLOBAL OUTPOST addressing all required technical, safety, liability, financial, and legal issues (including those identified in Exhibit A) relevant to GLOBAL OUTPOST’s placing an ET in orbit, assuring its orbital stability, providing any required outfitting or on-orbit servicing, and safely controlling de-orbit;

b. GLOBAL OUTPOST demonstrating its ability to finance its proposed ET uses (provided, however, that financial commitments may be contingent on NASA’s entering into such an LSA); and

c. NASA determining that appropriate Shuttle flight opportunities in support of GLOBAL OUTPOST’s proposed ET uses are available. Should the flight opportunities associated with placing ETs into orbit through 1994 be less than required, NASA will attempt to reach a fair and reasonable agreement with qualified ET users; if consensus cannot be reached, NASA will allocate the ETs consistent with applicable commercial space policies.

Assuming these preconditions are met, including the requirement for fair and reasonable allocation of ETs, NASA shall provide five (5) ETs to GLOBAL OUTPOST under an LSA. Such an LSA would’ provide for any NASA approved ET modification required by GLOBAL OUTPOST’s planned use, and would cover all flight specific planning, analysis, or other activity required by GLOBAL OUTPOST’s ET program. The parties agree to use their good-faith efforts to enter into such an agreement, within twenty-seven (27) months of the placement of the GLOBAL OUTPOST deposit described in subsection D.l.a. of this Enabling Agreement.

3. During the term of this Enabling Agreement, GLOBAL OUTPOST shall study ET safety requirements and constraints, explore and define ET flight criteria, and assess the technical feasibility of its proposed ET uses. Upon the request of GLOBAL OUTPOST and the mutual agreement of the parties as more fully specified below, NASA shall provide assistance to GLOBAL OUTPOST (including but not limited to providing information and conducting reviews of GLOBAL OUTPOST’s efforts). Exhibit A identifies the parties’ current assessment of the categories of technical and safety considerations which must be addressed relevant to GLOBAL OUTPOST’s proposed ET uses, and which may be amended during the course of this Enabling Agreement. GLOBAL OUTPOST’s intended schedule for performance of the Enabling Agreement is set forth in the attached Preliminary Schedule (Exhibit 8).

Use of NASA and NASA-controlled test equipment and facilities may be made available to GLOBAL OUTPOST in connection with its ET efforts, but only with NASA’s prior concurrence and subject to appropriate terms and conditions to be documented in amendments to this Enabling Agreement.

4. ET information which is readily available for public release shall be provided by NASA at no charge to GLOBAL OUTPOST upon a GLOBAL OUTPOST request. However, if such a request requires the expenditure of resources by NASA, GLOBAL OUTPOST shall reimburse NASA for the direct costs of NASA’s response to a particular request in accordance with subsection D.l. of this Enabling Agreement.

5. Whenever NASA is requested to provide assistance to GLOBAL OUTPOST, the parties shall negotiate in good faith to amend Exhibit C of this Enabling Agreement to reflect their agreement regarding that assistance, pursuant to subsections D.l.b. and D.2. of this Enabling Agreement. The NASA assistance may be performed by NASA or NASA contractor personnel, but in either case by personnel with appropriate expertise. NASA provision of assistance shall be on a non-interference basis with other NASA activities.

6. GLOBAL OUTPOST acknowledges that this Enabling Agreement does not preclude the development of other Enabling Agreements or agreements between NASA and other non-U.S. Government entities for private sector ET research, development, and/or use. GLOBAL OUTPOST also acknowledges that a launch commitment by NASA to provide ETs to GLOBAL OUTPOST is beyond the scope of this Enabling Agreement, although reaching a mutual agreement concerning such a commitment is the ultimate aim of this Enabling Agreement. Nothing in this Enabling Agreement precludes NASA from utilizing ETs for its own purposes; however, recognizing the statement in the President’s Policy that “Federal Government actions shall not preclude or deter the continuing development of the commercial space sector,” NASA states that it has no present intention of using expended ETs for its own purposes, or to be a user of ETs placed in orbit for others. Further, NASA agrees that under the ET commercial initiative announced in the CBD announcement dated June 1,1988, NASA shall not enter into any LSA or other commitment to place expended ET’s in low earth orbit for or on behalf of another entity or entities, unless and until that entity or those entities have met conditions substantially identical to those in subsections A.2.a.through A.2.c. of this Enabling Agreement.

B. PATENT AND DATA RIGHTS

1. The following data furnished to NASA by GLOBAL OUTPOST pursuant to this Enabling Agreement shall be furnished with unlimited rights (the right to use, reproduce, disclose in any manner, and for any purpose whatsoever) and without restrictive legend.

(a) the contents of this Enabling Agreement.
(b) general technical data not bearing the notice set forth in subsection 8.2.
(c) governmental costs and schedules associated with this Agreement.
Recognizing that the requirements for and the need for protection of data may change, NASA and GLOBAL OUTPOST may from time to time, upon mutual agreement, change the listing of data furnished with unlimited rights under this Enabling Agreement.

2. While it is NASA’s intention to use data (other than that of subsection B.l. above) furnished by GLOBAL OUTPOST only for carrying out NASA’s responsibilities under this Enabling Agreement, should GLOBAL OUTPOST desire to protect any of such data which qualifies as confidential or trade secret data, the following notice must be affixed to the data when furnished to NASA and NASA shall thereafter treat the data in accordance with the notice.

NOTICE

“This data is confidential or trade secret information of GLOBAL OUTPOST, Inc., and is submitted in confidence to NASA. NASA agrees that the data will not, without permission of GLOBAL OUTPOST, be duplicated, used, or disclosed by NASA or its contractors for any purpose other than as necessary to carry out NASA’s activities under the parties’ Enabling Agreement. If required by such contractors, the data will be furnished only after the contractors have agreed with NASA in writing to protect the data from unauthorized use, duplication, and disclosure. This notice shall be marked on any reproduction of this data, in whole or in part.”

On completion of the activities under this Enabling Agreement, or, in the event NASA and GLOBAL OUTPOST enter into an LSA, on completion of the activities under the LSA, such marked data shall be returned by NASA to GLOBAL OUTPOST or disposed of at the direction of GLOBAL OUTPOST.

3. It is recognized that NASA may have access to certain financial and commercial data of GLOBAL OUTPOST or its contractors, which may be considered confidential or privileged, and which, if subsequently disclosed to the public, could cause substantial harm to the GLOBAL OUTPOST’s competitive position or impair NASA’s ability to obtain necessary information in the future. In such event the financial or commercial data shall be marked with the notice prescribed in subsection B.2. above, and NASA shall treat the data in accordance with the terms of the notice.

4. All copies of analyses and review documents prepared by NASA or a NASA contractor, analyzing or reviewing GLOBAL OUTPOST furnished data marked with the notice prescribed in subsection B.2. above, and for which reimbursement is made by GLOBAL OUTPOST, shall be considered the sole property of GLOBAL OUTPOST and shall be promptly furnished to GLOBAL OUTPOST upon completion of the activities under this Enabling Agreement, or, in the event NASA and GLOBAL OUTPOST enter into an LSA, on completion of the activities under the LSA.

5. Except as provided for in subsection B-2. above, NASA shall not acquire through this Enabling Agreement any rights to inventions, patents, trade secrets, or proprietary or confidential information of GLOBAL OUTPOST used in or arising from GLOBAL OUTPOST’s activities under this Enabling Agreement.

6. With respect to inventions conceived or actually reduced to practice in the course of NASA (or a contractor on behalf of NASA) carrying out NASA’s responsibilities under this Enabling Agreement, the parties agree as follows:

a. In the event a NASA employee invention results from a NASA activity under this Enabling Agreement for which GLOBAL OUTPOST has made reimbursement, NASA shall make good-faith efforts to timely identify that invention, and GLOBAL OUTPOST shall be offered the opportunity to obtain an exclusive paid-up commercial license, with the right to grant sub-licenses, in the invention, on the condition that GLOBAL OUTPOST bear the costs of obtaining patent protection on the invention. Should GLOBAL OUTPOST decline, NASA will have sole discretion as to seeking patent protection and the licensing thereof.

b. In the event an invention is jointly made by employees of NASA and GLOBAL OUTPOST in carrying out the activities under this Enabling Agreement, GLOBAL OUTPOST shall be given first option to file and seek patent protection (at GLOBAL OUTPOST’s expense), whereupon NASA will agree not to license its one-half undivided interest to others for commercial purposes. Should GLOBAL OUTPOST not exercise its option, NASA will be entitled to file for patent protection, granting to GLOBAL OUTPOST a license as set forth in subsection a. above.

c. With respect to any NASA assistance which may be contracted out by NASA and reimbursed by GLOBAL OUTPOST, NASA will use its good-faith efforts to arrange for an exclusive commercial rights position for GLOBAL OUTPOST, similar to the license as set forth in subsection a. above, in any inventions made during the course of such assistance, or, at a minimum, limited license rights in such inventions.

7. In the event GLOBAL OUTPOST and NASA enter into an LSA to support placement of expended ETs in low earth orbit for use by GLOBAL OUTPOST, NASA may acquire, by virtue of the LSA needs and data provisions, additional rights to use and disclose GLOBAL OUTPOST’s data furnished or generated under this Enabling Agreement.

C. SAFETY AND LIABILITY

1. GLOBAL OUTPOST, its contractors or subcontractors, will comply with all requirements and regulations applicable to users and/or activities on government-owned, NASA-controlled property or in using government-owned, NASA-controlled services. GLOBAL OUTPOST agrees that NASA shall have the authority to require that any GLOBAL OUTPOST activity which NASA determines poses a hazard to property or personnel be promptly ended or corrected by GLOBAL OUTPOST. Any and all GLOBAL OUTPOST proposed/provided ground support equipment, test or flight hardware, software procedures, etc., are subject to NASA requirements and procedures, including NASA review and approval. These requirements include, but are not limited to, NSTS 1700.7, KHB 1700.7, and NHB 5300.4.

2. In consideration for any agreed to access to NASA-controlled facilities and services provided under this Enabling Agreement, GLOBAL OUTPOST waives and agrees not to make any claims against NASA, its contractors or subcontractors, for any damages arising as a result of activities under this Enabling Agreement, unless such damage is caused by the willful misconduct of NASA or its contractors or subcontractors. In addition, GLOBAL OUTPOST agrees to indemnify and hold NASA or NASA contractors or subcontractors harmless from any claim, judgment, or cost arising from the injury to or death of any third party, or for damage to or loss of any property, whether caused by NASA or GLOBAL OUTPOST or their contractors or subcontractors, as a result of activities under this Enabling Agreement, unless such damage results from the willful misconduct of NASA or its contractors or subcontractors. Amendments to this Enabling Agreement allowing GLOBAL OUTPOST to use NASA or NASA-controlled testing facilities or equipment shall contain further liability provisions, including insurance terms and conditions.

D. ADMINISTRATIVE AND GENERAL PROVISIONS

1. There shall be no exchange of funds between the parties under this Enabling Agreement, except that NASA shall be reimbursed for the direct costs of its efforts in response to a request for assistance. Reimbursement of NASA shall be accomplished through the following process:

a. Within 180 days of the execution of this Enabling Agreement, or upon the initial request for assistance, whichever is earlier, GLOBAL OUTPOST shall make an initial deposit of $100,000 with NASA, for reimbursement of NASA’s services furnished under this Enabling Agreement. These funds may be used by NASA for any direct costs incurred on GLOBAL OUTPOST’s behalf prior to or during the development of the initial description and cost estimate(s) required under subsection b. below, and for reimbursement of the direct costs of NASA’s efforts in response to request for assistance as more specifically set forth in subsections A.l., A.3., A.4., and A.5 of this Enabling Agreement.

b. Prompt payment is required under this Enabling Agreement. While GLOBAL OUTPOST may request, and NASA may agree to, the provision of assistance under this Enabling Agreement, no assistance shall be provided to GLOBAL OUTPOST until all of the following occur:

1. A written description of the requested assistance, including the identity of the organization that is to provide the assistance and a corresponding amendment to Exhibit C has been prepared by the GLOBAL OUTPOST Project Manager and provided to the NASA Project Manager;

2. The NASA Project Manager has agreed that NASA is able to provide the requested (or, if appropriate, the negotiated) assistance, and has provided the GLOBAL OUTPOST Project Manager with an estimate of the associated cost and payment schedule;

3. An amendment shall have been executed in the manner prescribed in subsections A.5 and D.2. of this Enabling Agreement, (i) referencing the written description of the assistance agreed upon and (ii) incorporating the estimated cost and any payment schedule; and

4. GLOBAL OUTPOST has on deposit with NASA sufficient funds to cover the estimated cost of the assistance for a minimum of 6 months, or if not, GLOBAL OUTPOST pays NASA in accordance with the payment schedule.

c. GLOBAL OUTPOST shall have the right to cancel each request for assistance. If GLOBAL OUTPOST cancels a request for assistance before an amendment to Exhibit C of this Enabling Agreement has been executed to incorporate it, or if GLOBAL OUTPOST cancels a request for assistance after an amendment to Exhibit C of this Enabling Agreement has been executed but before work is complete, GLOBAL OUTPOST shall be responsible for the direct costs incurred by NASA, if any, through the date NASA receives GLOBAL OUTPOST’s notice of cancellation, including any direct costs necessitated by the cancellation (even if such costs are subsequent to the date NASA receives the notice of cancellation).

d. In the event that the GLOBAL OUTPOST deposit is, at any time, insufficient to cover the requested NASA assistance, GLOBAL OUTPOST will increase its deposit, as required by a special NASA billing, before work will continue.

e. Except for the initial payment and instances where funds on deposit are insufficient to cover NASA costs, all advanced payments will be due on the established payment due dates shown on the progress payment schedule in Exhibit C (as it shall have been amended). GLOBAL OUTPOST will be billed approximately 60 days in advance of the agreed payment due dates based on estimates of the costs to be incurred during the 6 months subsequent to the payment due date. These estimates will be available to the Project Managers in accordance with subsection D.l.b. of this Enabling Agreement.

f. If GLOBAL OUTPOST fails to make a payment by the payment due date, NASA will suspend the performance of its efforts under this Enabling Agreement.

g. Expenditures incurred hereunder by NASA will be recorded by NASA following NASA’s normal accounting practices. A final billing statement and final bill will be issued for all related support provided to GLOBAL OUTPOST under this Enabling Agreement. This bill will identify any additional payment required or refund due. and provide reconciliation of costs incurred to payments received.

h. If, as the result of a final billing, a refund is due GLOBAL OUTPOST, NASA will make such refund in the amount of the overpayment within 60 days after the date of the final billing. If, as a result of final billing, an additional payment from GLOBAL OUTPOST is required, such payment shall be due 60 days after the billing date of the final billing.

i. All payments defined in this Enabling Agreement shall be (1) in United States dollars, (2) payable to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, (3) sent to the Director, Financial Management Division (Code BF) NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC 20546, and (4) received at NASA Headquarters by the first United States Government working day which is also a day on which commercial banks are open for business in both New York, New York, and Washington, DC, in the month in which such payments are scheduled, unless otherwise explicitly stated herein, or directed or agreed to by NASA in writing. As an alternative to sending payments to NASA as specified in (3) above, GLOBAL OUTPOST may elect payment by wire transfer to the United States Treasury FEDWIRE Deposit System in accordance with instructions available upon written request to the Director, Financial Management Division. All payments toward and other communications regarding this Enabling Agreement shall reference the title, date, and number of this Enabling Agreement.

j. For the purposes of this Enabling Agreement, “direct costs” are those specific charges identifiable to or resulting from any GLOBAL OUTPOST request, including utility costs and, when applicable, a usage fee to cover wear, tear, and damage for the use of government-owned property which is owned or controlled by NASA. Where regular NASA labor is chargeable, a factor for leave and fringe benefits, but not for overhead, will be applied.

2. The term of this Enabling Agreement shall extend until January 25, 1993 (thirty-six months from the signature date of the original Enabling Agreement) or until the date when NASA and GLOBAL OUTPOST enter into an LSA, whichever is earlier. Either party may unilaterally terminate this Enabling Agreement prior to the expiration date, by providing thirty (30) days’ written notice to the other party. In the event of a termination, GLOBAL OUTPOST will remain accountable for payments of reimbursable NASA efforts provided by NASA through the day of termination, plus termination costs (if any). The signatories or their designees may amend this Enabling Agreement or its Exhibits at any time, but only by mutual agreement in writing.

3. The NASA Program Coordinator, who will be responsible for coordinating coordinating all financial and policy matters relating to this Enabling Agreement shall be:
Patrick L. McCracken
Code MB
NASA Headquarters
Washington, DC 20546

The NASA Project Manager shall be:
Charles W. Pace
Code TA
Johnson Space Center, NASA
Houston, TX 77058

The GLOBAL OUTPOST Project Manager shall be:
Thomas C. Taylor
GLOBAL OUTPOST, Inc.
6836 Deer Run Drive
Alexandria, VA 22306

Either party may unilaterally designate a new Project Manager, and NASA may unilaterally designate a new Program Coordinator, in writing and with due notice to the other party, but without the necessity of amending this Enabling Agreement.

4. Release of public information regarding this project may be made by NASA and GLOBAL OUTPOST as to their participation and activities as desired, and insofar as the participation and activities of the other is involved, after suitable consultation, except as provided for in Article B of this Enabling Agreement.

5. Any dispute arising out of this Enabling Agreement which is not disposed of by the NASA and GLOBAL OUTPOST Project Managers named in subsection D.3. of this Enabling Agreement, shall be submitted in writing to the signatories of this Enabling Agreement for resolution. Any dispute which is not resolved by mutual agreement of the signatories or their designees within sixty (60) days of both signatories or their designees receiving written notice of the dispute, may be submitted in writing to the NASA Administrator. The decision of the Administrator, or his duly authorized representative, shall be final and conclusive unless determined by a court of competent jurisdiction to have been fraudulent or capricious or arbitrary or so grossly erroneous as necessary to imply bad faith, or not supported by substantial evidence. Pending resolution of any dispute, the parties agree that performance of all obligations shall be pursued diligently in accordance with the direction of the NASA signatory. This disputes procedure shall be the exclusive procedure followed by the parties in resolving any dispute arising out of the execution of this Enabling Agreement.

6. NASA shall provide assistance to the extent consistent with United States obligations, United States Federal Law, and United States published policy. GLOBAL OUTPOST and NASA designate the United States Federal Law to govern this Enabling Agreement for all purposes, including, but not limited to, determining the validity of this Enabling Agreement; the meaning of its provisions; and the rights, obligations, and remedies of NASA and GLOBAL OUTPOST.

7. NASA’s ability to perform its obligations under this Enabling Agreement is subject to the availability of appropriated funds, and nothing in this Enabling Agreement commits the United States Congress to appropriate funds therefor.

8. No member of, or delegate to, Congress or resident commissioner shall be admitted to any share or part of this Enabling Agreement or to any benefit that may arise therefrom: but this provision shall not be construed to extend to this Enabling Agreement, if made with a corporation for its general benefit.

9. This Enabling Agreement, or any rights hereunder, shall not be assigned by GLOBAL OUTPOST, without the prior written consent of NASA, which consent shall not unreasonably be withheld.

APPROVAL OF ENABLING AGREEMENT – Revision 1

Signed bv 12 Februarv 1990
Thomas C. Taylor
President
GLOBAL OUTPOST, Incorporated

Signed by 13 February 1990
William B. Lenoir
Associate Administrator for Space Flight
National Aeronautics and Space Administration

APPROVAL OF ENABLING AGREEMENT – Revision 2

Signed 24 Jan 92
Thomas C. Taylor
President
GLOBAL OUTPOST, Incorporated
Signed 24 Jan 92

Robert L. Tucker
Director
Policy and Plans
Office of Space Flight
National Aeronautics and Space Administration

EXHIBIT A

TO ENABLING AGREEMENT BETWEEN NASA AND GLOBAL OUTPOST STATEMENT OF CATEGORIES OF TECHNICAL AND SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS RELATED TO PLACEMENT OF ETs IN LOW EARTH ORBIT

Exhibit A
STATEMENT OF CATEGORIES OF TECHNICAL AND SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS RELATED TO PLACEMENT OF ETs IN LOW EARTH ORBIT

PERFORMANCE

  • STS MAXIMUM PAYLOAD VERSUS ALTITUDE
    • Without ET
    • With ET
    • ASSUMPTIONS:
      • Good orbiter
      • Direct insertion
      • 28.45 degree inclination
      • Post STS-51L maximum ascent performance & reserves
      • Fully loaded OMS (if margin permits)
      • Circular orbit
    • ET ORBIT LIFETIME
      • As a function of altitude
      • Reboost requirements

      FLIGHT OPERATIONS

    • WITH ET All-ACHED TO ORBITER
      • Maneuver capability
      • RCS impingement
      • CG problems
      • Software/hardware mods required
      • Flight control stability
    • RELEASE OF ET IN ORBIT — DELAYED FROM NORMAL
      • Changes to de-orbit system
      • Separation system
      • Range Safety System (RSS)
      • EVA with ET attached
    • PROXIMITY OPERATIONS
      • Station keeping
      • EVA requirements
    • MISSION OPERATIONS SYSTEMS REQUIRED BY ET
      • Mission Control Center
      • Communications and Tracking
    • ASCENT DESIGN/ASSESSMENTS
    • FLIGHT SAFETY

    • TANK OVERPRESSURIZATIONNENTING
    • MICROMETEOROID IMPACTS
    • TPS DEGRADATION CREATING ORBITAL DEBRIS
    • RANGE SAFETY SYSTEM BEHAVIOR ON ORBIT
    • DELAYED ET SEPARATION MANEUVER
    • OMS BURNS IN PROXIMITY OF LINES/TANKS WITH RESIDUAL FUEL
    • DE-ORBIT CONTROL
    • O2/H2 INERTING PLAN
    • ABORT SCENARIOS
    • ET MODIFICATIONS REQUIRED

    • PROPULSION SYSTEMS
      • On-orbit altitude maintenance
      • Deorbit
      • Attitude Control
      • ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS
        • Power
        • Avionics
        • Control
        • Data
        • Communications
      • METEOROID & RADIATION PROTECTION
      • THERMAL PROTECTION SYSTEM (TPS)
        • Degradation
        • Orbiial debris protection
      • LIFE SUPPORT AND PROTECTION
      • INTERFACES WITH SHUTTLE SERVICES
        • Electrical/electronic
        • Orbiter/ET docking
        • Atmosphere pressure control/revitalization
        • RMS certification for 60-80K Ibs.
        • Grapple fixture configuration/location
        • Hard dock requirements/configuration
        • Flight control stability
      • ASSEMBLY, SERVICING AND SUPPLY MISSIONS
        • Number of missions
        • Resupply materials
      • MMU REQUIREMENTS
        • echniques involved
        • Operations
        • Hardware removal/disposal

        ET AND STS SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT/GROUND PROCESSING ISSUES

      • ET MODIFICATION IMPACTS
        • Design
        • Test
        • Integration
        • Safety
        • Production schedule
        • Recertification
      • GROUND PROCESSING
        • GSE
        • Procedures
        • Launch Processing System/Flow

        HABITABLE MODULE

      • DEVELOPMENT
        • Life support
        • Avionics, communications, data, control
        • Docking interface
        • EVA/MMU requirements
      • OPERATIONS EVALUATION
      • CERTIFICATION
      • MANIFESTING OPPORTUNITIES

      • Dependent on desired orbital altitude and primary payload requirements.
      • OTHER

      • To be determined as part of further assessments.
      • EXHIBIT B

        TO ENABLING AGREEMENT BETWEEN NASA AND GLOBAL OUTPOST ASSISTANCE TASKS AND ASSOCIATED PAYMENT SCHEDULE

        Exhibit C

        ASSISTANCE TASKS AND ASSOCIATED PAYMENT SCHEDULE

        Task  Due Date  Amount Due
        See Section D.1.a.  See Section D.1.a. $100,000
        TBD   + TBD Months   TBD

        NASA Oct 25, 1991
        National Aeronautics and
        Space Administration
        Washington, DC.
        20546

        Thomas C. Taylor President
        GLOBAL OUTPOST, Incorporated
        335 Paint Branch Drive
        College Park, MD 20742-3261

        Dear Mr. Taylor

        In accordance with the requirements of the GLOBAL OUTPOST/NASA Enabling Agreement, Revision 1, it is understood that you have reached technical agreement with Mr. Charles W. Pace, NASA Project Manager, on the scope of a technical meeting to take place at the Johnson Space Center on October 28-30, 1991 (copy of technical agreement enclosed).

        NASA costs to support this meeting are estimated to be $1280.20. These funds cover the estimated 24 manhour6 of Johnson Space Center civil service/contractor manpower, and travel costs for attendance by the Headquarters Program Coordinator. Your authorization to designate $1280.20 from your initial deposit of $100,000 to cover these estimated costs must be received by October 28, 1991, in order to finalize the meeting plans. Your signature on this letter will constitute your authorization.

        This letter and the technical agreement signed by Mr. Pace and yourself will’ constitute an amendment to the enabling Agreement.

        Signed
        Robert L. Tucker, Jr.
        Director
        Transportation Services Division
        Office of Space Flight

        Signed
        Thomas C. Taylor
        President
        Space Flight
        GLOBAL OUTPOST, Incorporated

        Exhibit C
        Revision 1, 27 Sep 91

        ASSOCIATED PAYMENT SCHEDULE
        Task / Due Date / Amount Due
        Meeting to discuss Exhibit A Technical Issues with 5 – 6 NASA-JSC technical managers for the purpose of communicating specifics and getting their comments. Technical expertise to be provided in the areas of RMS Ops, EVA, Flt Design, Avionics, and External Tank. It is estimated that approximately 24 manhours is required to support the meeting.

        Signed 15 Oct 91
        Thomas C. Taylor
        GLOBAL OUTPOST Project Manager
        Thomas C. Taylor
        335 Paint Branch Drive
        College Park, MD 20742

        Signed Oct 2, 1991
        Charles Pace
        NASA Project Manager
        Charles W. Pace
        Code TA
        Johnson Space Center, NASA
        Houston, TX 77058

        National Aeronautics and
        Space Administration
        Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
        Houston, Texas
        77058

        Reply to Attn of: TA-91-098 NOV 19 1991

        Thomas C. Taylor
        President
        Global Outpost, Inc.
        335 Paint Branch Drive
        College Park, MD 20742-3261

        Dear Tom:
        It is clear that you have made considerable progress with your mission operations concept In responding. to the concerns we expressed at our previous meeting in May 1990. Based on the discussions and questions from the participants at our meeting on October 29 and subsequent discussions, it is clear that your current mission operations concept is much improved as far as compatibility where the Space Shuttle is concerned. As we discussed at the meeting the period from main engine cutoff up until the Orbiter can safely separate from the external tank is an extremely critical phase of the flight with many implications as to range safety and orbital operations that are outside of our experience base. Taking all of the activities required during this period as individual events one could conclude that they are all probably technically feasible. However, our experience indicates that mission operations of this complexity requires an integrated approach when assessing the complex interactions of various Shuttle systems, crew, and ground activities. As I discussed with you in our telephone conversation, I propose to establish a small team of experts to assess this critical of the flight and identify any areas requiring additional assessment. I am in the process of developing an estimate of the resources required for this assessment

        All in all, I feel good about our discussions and look forward to getting through this next phase. If you have any questions or concerns, please feel free to give me a call.

        Signed Charles Pace
        Charles W. Pace

        Exhibit C
        Revision 1, 27 Sep 91

        Task Statement: Feasibility Assessment of the Outpost Platform Operations Concept

        A feasibility assessment team comprised of NASA and contractor personnel with expertise in the following technical areas will conduct a feasibility assessment of the Outpost platform operations concept for configuring and using an external tank In Earth orbit. The technical areas requiring assessment are: flight software/GN&C, RMS/prox1mity operations, flight design, ET venting, Orbiter/ET separation, and safety.

        The object of the assessment is to identify any potential issues, determine if any are potential “show stoppers,” identify work-arounds, and/or scope additional analyses that might be required. The team will brief Global Outpost and Space Shuttle Program management on their findings and recommendations. Any additional analyses identified will be negotiated as a separate task.

        Estimated completion date is January 15, 1992.
        Estimated resources are as follows:
        Clvll Service $17,500
        Contractor Support $ 2,500

        Approved
        Signed: Thomas C. Taylor 26 Nov 91
        335 Paint Branch Drive
        College Park, MD 20742

        Signed: Charles Pace 11/19/91
        Charles W. Pace
        NASA Project Manager
        NASA Johnson Space Center
        Mail Code TA
        Houston, TX 77058


        View original Global Outposts MOU with NASA, January 24, 1992 (pdf)

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