SPACE SHUTTLE EXTERNAL TANK APPLICATIONS

REFERENCES AUTHORED BY TOM TAYLOR AND OTHERS

TECHNICAL PAPERS

1980

Taylor, T.C. (1980), “Commercial Operations for the External Tank in Orbit,” 18th Goddard Memorial Symposium, Washington, D.C., AAS 80-89, March 1980. Proposed an External Tank Derived Commercial Service Platform in orbit. Similar to the OUTPOST concept without the tethers and spike

Taylor, T.C. (1980), “SPS Primary Structure by Another Method, “Presentation at the D.O.E. SPS Conference in Lincoln, Nebraska, Apr. 17, 1980. Proposed a foamed aluminum primary structure application for SPS using recovered ET aluminum in orbit.

Witek, N.J. and Taylor, T.C. (1980), “Global Benefits of the Space Enterprise Facility Using the External Tank,” IAF Tokyo, Paper 80-IAA-46. Proposed a Space Platform to a Japanese audience.

Witek, N.J. and Taylor, T.C. (1980), “The External Tank as a Large Space Structure Construction Base,” IAF Tokyo, Paper IAF-80-A-41. Help start Japanese construction company orbital interest in space activity.

1981

Taylor, T.C. (1981), “A Commercial Construction Base Using the External Tank,” 2nd AIAA Conference on Large Space Platforms, Feb. 2-4, 1981, AIAA-81-0460. Proposed American construction company participation in the Space Station.

Tewell, J.F., Anderson, J.W. and Taylor, T.C. (1981), “Platform Operations Using the External Tank,” 2nd Conference on Large Space Platforms, San Diego, CA, Feb. 2-4, 1981, AIAA-81-0461. Proposed ET derived multi-use platforms.

Taylor, T.C. (1981), “A Modest Habitation Facility in Low Earth Orbit,” Fifth Princeton/AIAA/SSI Conference on Space Manufacturing, May 18-21, 1981, Paper No. 53. Applied remote construction techniques to orbital construction.

Taylor, T.C. (1981), “A Modest Habitation Facility in Low Earth Orbit,” Rome IAF, IAF-81-40. Proposed ACC Habitation Modules.

Taylor, T.C. (1981), “Future Potential Uses of Spacelab for Manned Orbital Facilities,” Rome IAF, IAF-81-227. Proposed expanded market concepts for Spacelab.

1982

Taylor, T.C. (1982), “Orbital Facility Operations Through an Assured Market Scenario,” Paris IAF, IAF-82-33. Proposed pre-purchase of orbital services.
Mobley, T.B. and Taylor, T.C. (1982), “The ET in Orbit as a Space System Material Resource,” Paris IAF, IAF-82-392. Proposed multi-uses of the ET in orbit.

1984

Mitchell, P.M. and Taylor, T.C. (1984), “Low Cost Science and Astronomy Platforms in Orbit,” AIAA 22nd Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Reno, NV, Jan. 9-12, 1984. Proposed standard ET platform subsystems and technologies capable of being added to the ET to create specialized platforms.

Crain, W.K., Fleming, J., Ganoe, W.H. and Taylor, T.C. (1984), “Performance Enhancement of the Space Transportation System,” Lausanne, Switzerland IAF, IAF-84-08. Proposed modification to the External Tank of the Space Transportation System with a forward Aerospace extension reducing drag to provide payload weight enhancement.

Hedgepeth, J.M., Mobley, T.B. and Taylor, T.C. (1984), “Construction of Large Precision Reflectors Using the Aft Cargo Carrier,” Lausanne, Switzerland IAF, IAF-84-389. Proposed using Aft Cargo Carrier to carry Large Deployable Reflector and backup structure.

Overman, A. and Taylor, T.C. (1984), “Cost Effective Launch Technology for Communication Satellites,” Lausanne, Switzerland IAF, IAF-84-04. Proposed transport of communications satellites to service ceiling of aircraft and then launch of the satellite.

Taylor, T.C. (1984), “Large Deployable Reflector (LDR) Structures Utilization of the Aft Cargo Carrier (ACC),” 2nd Annual AIAA/GNOS Aerospace Technology Symposium, New Orleans, LA, Oct. 25-26. 1984. Proposed using Aft Cargo Carrier to carry Large Deployable Reflector to orbit.

1986

Taylor, T.C. (1986), “The Transportation Node Platform in Orbit,” AFSC/NSIA Cost Reduction and Cost Credibility Workshop, Denver, CO. Proposed a Tether Platform based on SBIR Air Force Aerospike-Tether research by Taylor & Associates, Inc.

Taylor, T.C. (1986), “The Shroud Enhancement with the Aerospike Concept,” AFSC/NSIA Cost Reduction and Cost Credibility Workshop, Denver, CO. Proposed an aerodynamic spike modification of the shroud on commercial launch vehicles based on SBIR Air Force Aerospike research by Taylor & Associates, Inc.

Citron, R. and Taylor, T.C. (1986), “An Early Low Cost Alternative for Manned Orbital Research,” AFSC/NSIA Cost Reduction and Cost Credibility Workshop, Denver, CO. Proposed a SPACEHAB pricing structure an order of magnitude below present pressurized module research on SPACEHAB research and development to date.

Citron, R. and Taylor, T.C. (1986), “SPACEHAB: A Pressurized Payload Bay Space Station Testbed Module – An Early Low Cost Developmental Lead-in for Space Station,” AIAA Space Station in the 21st Century, Reno, NV, Sept. 3-5, 1986. Proposed SPACEHAB Module as low cost lead-in Space Station testbed module.

Citron, R. and Taylor, T.C. (1986), “SPACEHAB: A Space Station Testbed Module,” AAS Annual Meeting at the Harvest House in Boulder, Colorado, Oct. 26-29, 1986. Proposed SPACEHAB Module and a payload services division as low cost lead-in Space Station testbed module scenario.

Citron, R., Taylor, T.C., Prohl, H.J., and Newman, R.D. (1986), “SPACEHAB: A Material Processing Volume for Low Earth Orbit,” Space Sixth European Conference on Microgravity Conditions, 2-5 Dec 1986, Bordeaux, France. Proposed SPACEHAB Module as low cost Material Processing module for the reduction of development risks.

Citron, R. and Taylor, T.C. (1987), “Near Term Access to Microgravity Through Utilization of the SPACEHAB Module,” Spacebound 87, Ottawa, Canada, May 8, 1987. Proposed SPACEHAB Module as low cost Space Research module for the reduction of development risks.

Citron, R. and Taylor, T.C. (1987), “Space Station Laboratory and Habitat Rack Flight Testing in the SPACEHAB Module,” 17th Intersociety Conference on Environmental Systems, Seattle, WA, July 13-15, 1987. Proposed SPACEHAB Module as low cost flight test module for the Space Station reduction of development risks.

Citron, R., Taylor, T.C., & Vallerani, Dr. E. (1987), “Utilization of European Technologies in the Thermal Design of SPACEHAB,” 17th Intersociety Conference on Environmental Systems, Seattle, WA, July 13-15, 1987. Discussed the European Thermal Design of the SPACEHAB Module.

Taylor, T.C. (1987), “SPACEHAB’s Commercialization of the Microgravity Research Activities,” IAA-87-629, 37th International Astronautical Congress (IAF), Brighton, England, 10-17 Oct. 1987. Proposed SPACEHAB Module as low cost Space Research module for the reduction of development risks focusing on cost reduction techniques.

Tice, S., Taylor, T.C. (1987), “SPACEHAB Module Design Project Utilizes Engineering Services for Human Factors Consideration,” IAA-87-551, 37th International Astronautical Congress (IAF), Brighton, England, 10-17 Oct. 1987. Proposed computer simulation for the purpose of prelim design and human interface.

Nixon, D., Miller, C., Taylor, T.C., Kennedy, J., Skepner, B. (1987), “Use of Low-cost Flight-test Prototype for Human Factors Evaluation of Space Station Habitability System,” IAF/IAA-87-553, 37th International Astronautical Congress (IAF), Brighton, England, 10-17 Oct. 1987. Explores a step by step flight testing procedure from the KC-135 through the SPACEHAB Module for habitability equipment such as the Space Station Adaptable Wardroom Table by Future Systems Consultants and SCR-ARC.

1989

Mellors, W.J., Taylor, T.C. and Wilson, J.E. (1989), “The Global OUTPOST Program – Commercial Services in Low Earth Orbit,” 40th Congress of the International Astronautical Federation, Malaga, Spain, October 7-12, 1989, IAA-89-711.

Grady, J.R., Wiskerchen, M.J., Taylor, T.C. and Good, W.A. (1989), “Commercial Telescience Testbed Operations Using the OUTPOST Platform in Orbit: A Concurrent Engineering Approach,” 40th Congress of the International Astronautical Federation, Malaga, Spain, October 7-12, 1989, IAF-89-039.
Grady, J.R., Taylor, T.C. and Wendel, W.R. (1989), “Large Space Structures Commercial Testbed Operations Using the OUTPOST Platform in Orbit,” 40th Congress of the International Astronautical Federation, Malaga, Spain, October 7-12, 1989, IAF-89-345.

Taylor, T.C., Cook, Dr. C.W. and Good, W.A. (1989), “The OUTPOST Platform, A Place for Tether Research and Transportation Node Operations in Orbit,” 3rd International Conference on Tethers in Space Toward Flight, San Francisco, CA, May 18, 1989.

Taylor, T.C., Good, W.A. and Hodge, J.D. (1989), “The OUTPOST Concept, A Commercial Space Platform Opportunity,” 5th Annual Technical and Business Exhibition and Symposium, Huntsville, AL, May 16-17, 1989.

Taylor, T.C. and Good, W.A. (1989), “The OUTPOST Concept, A Commercial Space Platform Opportunity,” 9th Biennial Space Studies Institute Conference on Space Manufacturing, Princeton, NJ, May 10-13, 1989.

Taylor, T.C., Hodge, J.D. and Good, W.A. (1989), “The OUTPOST Concept: A Transportation and Service Platform in Low Earth Orbit,” Symposium on Space Commercialization: Roles of Developing Countries, Nashville, TN, March 5-10, 1989.

Taylor, T.C., Cook, Dr. C.W. and Good, W.A. (1989), “The OUTPOST Concept: A Market Driven Commercial Platform in Orbit,” AIAA 27th Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Reno, NV, Jan. 9-12, 1989, AIAA 89-0729.

1991

Taylor, T.C., Good, W., Nixon, D.A., Overman, A. and Simon, M., “Commercial Platform for the External Tank,” 10th Biennial Space Studies Institute Conference on Space manufacturing, Princeton, NJ, May 1991, Described potential commercial services capable of being delivered from an unmanned service platform derived from an ET in orbit.

1992

Thomas C. Taylor, David Oberg, William A. Good, “OUTPOST – A Commercial Service Platform,” 43rd Congress of the IAF in Washington, 21st Symposium on Economics in Space Operations, Session: C.2, Commercialization of Space Activities II, Paper IAA-92-0152, Updated current efforts on the commercial service platform

Thomas C. Taylor, David Oberg, Dr. Charles W. Cook, Paul J. Gulman and David Nixon of GLOBAL OUTPOST, Inc., and Roger Longstaff of British Aerospace (Space Systems) Division, “Rendezvous And Docking Testbed On An Orbital Commercial Platform,” IAF-92-0877, Symposium: Symposium on Space Transportation, Session V.5, Surface and Flight Operations, 43rd Congress of the IAF in Washington, 1-5 Sep 1992, Proposed OMV Testbed on platform based on BAe and OUTPOST cost shared studies.

Robinson, John W., Good, William A. and Taylor, Thomas C., Application of Slush Hydrogen to Future Propulsion Systems, AIAA/SAE/ASME/ASEE 28th Joint Propulsion Conference, 6-8 July 1992, Nashville, TN, Proposed an ET derived Propellant Depot in LEO.

1994

Yang, Dr. Jackson C.S., Pavlin, Dr. V., Routson, Mark of the University of MD, Robotics Lab and Taylor, Thomas C. of GLOBAL OUTPOST, Inc., “A Commercial Robotics Service for Construction of Large Space Structures in Orbit,” ASCE SPACE 94, Feb 1994, Albuquerque, NM, Describes the robotics simulation research and robotics hardware requirements simulated by the Robotics Lab of the University of Maryland in research adapting the NASA Langley Automated Assembly System for use in orbit on the OUTPOST Platform.

Taylor, Thomas C. of GLOBAL OUTPOST, Inc., “Construction Operations on the OUTPOST Platform in Orbit,” ASCE SPACE 94, Feb 1994, Albuquerque, NM.

Taylor, Thomas C. of GLOBAL OUTPOST, Inc., Zuppero, Dr. Anthony C. of INEL, McFadden, Dr. Lucy-Ann of the Astronomy Dept., Univ. of MD, “Resource Recovery Facilities for Earth Approaching Comets”, ASCE SPACE 94, Feb 1994, Albuquerque, NM.

1995

Taylor, Thomas C. of GLOBAL OUTPOST, Inc., Zuppero, Dr. Anthony C. of Idaho National Engineering Labs (DOE), Germano, A., Grandl, W., Vienna, Austria, “Commercial Asteroid Resource Development and Utilization, 46th International Astronautical Congress, Oct. 2-6, 1995, Oslo, Norway, Suggested water recovery as the justification for Asteroid development.

Taylor, T. C., Cook, Dr. C., & Nixon, D of GLOBAL OUTPOST, Inc.,Akin, Dr. D., of Space Systems Lab, University of Maryland, “Commercial Development Scenarios for Space Nuclear Power in Space,” 46th International Astronautical Congress, Oct. 2-6, 1995, Oslo, Norway, Suggested space nuclear power testing on the ET Platform.

1999

Taylor, Thomas C. of GLOBAL OUTPOST, Inc., “Asteroid Resource Development – Business Case,” Conference on Space Manufacturing, The High Frontier Conference XIV, May 6-9, 1999, Proposed an Assured Survival Scenario for Mankind as a justification for development of asteroidal resources.

Taylor, Thomas C. of GLOBAL OUTPOST, Inc., “Partial Gravity Habitat for Space Tourism,” Conference on Space Manufacturing, The High Frontier Conference XIV, May 6-9, 1999, ET derived Torus Habitation Facility

Return to External Tanks main page